Does Hope Have a Downside?

Does Hope Have a Downside?

REFERENCES

Abramson L.Y., Alloy L.B., Hogan M.E., Whitehouse W.G., Gibb B.E., Hankin B.L, & Cornette, M.M. (2000). The hopelessness theory of suicidality. Suicide Science: Expanding Boundaries. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226743285_The_Hopelessness_Theory_of_Suicidality/download

Abramson L.Y., Metalsky G.I., & Alloy L.B. (1989). Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp. 358–372. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232474195_Hopelessness_Depression_A_Theory-Based_Subtype_of_Depression

Anthony, Robert (2005). The Secret of Deliberate Creation course

Auter, Z. (2016, July). About half of Americans play state lotteries. Gallup News. Retrieved from https://news.gallup.com/poll/193874/half-americans-play-state-lotteries.aspx

Bruininks, P., & Malle, B.F. (2006). Distinguishing hope from optimism and related affective states. Motivation and Emotion, Volume 29, p. 327; 328; 329; 353. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/662742/Distinguishing_hope_from_optimism_and_related_affective_states_2006_

Burton, N. (2014, November 10). The psychology and philosophy of hope. Outre monde. Retrieved from https://outre-monde.com/2014/11/10/the-psychology-and-philosophy-of-hope/

Critchley, S. (2014, April). Abandon (nearly) all hope. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/19/abandon-nearly-all-hope/?_r=0

Dholakia,Utpal (2017, February). What’s the difference between optimism and hope?. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/blog/the-science-behind-behavior/201702/whats-the-difference-between-optimism-and-hope

Diamond, Jared (1992, March). Living through the Donner Party. Discoverer. Retrieved from http://discovermagazine.com/1992/mar/livingthroughthe4

Golden, B. (2017, January). Hope, without action, isn’t enough to accomplish goals. The Press. Retrieved from http://www.presspublications.com/newspaper/opinions-columns/bryan-golden/19210-hope-without-action-isn-t-enough-to-accomplish-goals

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About the Author

Mary McFaddenMary has lived in the Sacramento, California area her entire life. Her undergraduate degrees were in Journalism and Music. Upon graduation she worked for small regional newspapers which launched her career in Sacramento’s city government. She worked several years as an aide to a city councilmember, then moved to the Sacramento Police Department where she worked for over 20 years. Mary worked in a unit providing community policing training to law enforcement throughout California and participated in several curriculum development meetings with the Department of Justice in Washington, DC. She then went on to be a creator and editor for many years of the Police Department’s publications, annual reports and website. While working for the City Council, Mary received her Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology from The Professional School of Psychology (PSP). She is currently pursuing her Doctorate degree at PSP. Mary’s husband is also a graduate of PSP and they have two grown children. Her education in psychology has been an invaluable part of her professional and private life.

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