Organizational Consultation XXIII: Empowerment (Part Three)

Organizational Consultation XXIII: Empowerment (Part Three)

Finally, the information I have presented regarding the empowerment of groups is appreciative in that it enables the reader to better understand and appreciate the subtle and often complex dynamics of groups in which they participate. Contemporary group dynamics researchers and experienced group facilitators have provided us with many valuable insights and suggestions regarding effective and empowering group structures and processes. As we gain a fuller appreciation of the group dynamics literature, we can more readily embrace the complex drama of group life, while also learning how better to influence the outcomes of groups in which we participate.



Ken Blanchard, John Carlos and Alan Randolph. The Three Keys To Empowerment. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 1999.

Howard Gardner. Frames of Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1993; Howard Garnder. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam, 1995.

Cynthia Scott and Dennis Jaffe. Empowerment: A Practical Guide For Success. Menlo Park, CA: Crisp Publications, 1991.

Bruce Tuchman, “Developmental Sequence in Small Groups,” Psychological Bulletin, 1965, 63, pp. 384-399.


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William BergquistWilliam Bergquist, Ph.D. An international coach and consultant in the fields of psychology, management and public administration, author of more than 50 books, and president of a psychology institute. Dr. Bergquist consults on and writes about personal, group, organizational and societal transitions and transformations. His published work ranges from the personal transitions of men and women in their 50s and the struggles of men and women in recovering from strokes to the experiences of freedom among the men and women of Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union. In recent years, Bergquist has focused on the processes of organizational coaching. He is coauthor with Agnes Mura of coachbook, co-founder of the International Journal of Coaching in Organizations and co-founder of the International Consortium for Coaching in Organizations.

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