Summary Report of Pathways to Sleep Results

Summary Report of Pathways to Sleep Results

William Bergquist, principal investigator for the Pathways to Sleep project, has prepared a summary report concerning results from Survey Four and Five. Here is a video recording of this report:

Here is a printed outline of the summarized results that were presented on this video recording.

General Impressions

Careful, diligent and discerning responses
No indications of “patterned” responses (caused by fatigue or indifference)
i100% completion rate

Particularly inclined toward healthy lifestyle (Component One) as pathway to high quality sleep (Mean=3.57), with the right conditions for creating a conducive sleep environment (Component Three) (Mean = 3.38) and preparation for sleep (Component Two) (Mean = 3.15) not being too far behind.
Very hesitant about the use of sleep aides (Component Four) (Mean =2.33) – even declaring some of them to be dangerous.
It is interesting to note that media advertising is directed primary to Component Four, with some attention given to Component Three (Sleep Environment). Conversely, the “health experts” spend quite a bit of time studying Components One (Life-Style) and Two (Preparation for Sleep). This suggestions that the introduction of all four components in the Pathways to Sleep study is of value.

Component One: Healthy Lifestyle

Consistently High
Discover your sleep cycle (virtually everyone agrees)
Planned exercise
Project or Hobby-Related exercise
iv. Mindfulness/Meditation

Use of Nasal Washes
Dealing with Allergies

Component Two: Preparing for Sleep

Consistently High
Going to Bathroom before sleep (only one in highest category)
Reading before bedtime
Relaxing before bedtime
Hot to Cold (some controversy)
Positive thoughts (some controversy)
Cold to Warm (some controversy)
Abstain from activities before bedtime (some controversy)

Taking Naps [might relate to age]

Soaking feet
Most foods before bedtime

Component Three: Sleep Environment

Consistently High
Dark Room
Right size of bed
Comfortable pillows
Length of bed (a bit more controversial)
Configuration of pillows (a bit more controversial)
Comfortable/ventilated sheets (a bit more controversial0

Sleeping companion (person or pet)
Lying on your belly
Lullaby/Easy Listening

Interesting music/spoken word
Fantasy (imagery, sexual, replay scene
Falling asleep while trying to stay awake (paradoxical intervention)

Component Four: Sleep Aides

Consistently High
i. None (melatonin being the highest/yet still controversial)

Low and Controversial
Ambien (dangerous)
Benzodiazepine (sedative) (dangerous)
Sleep aides with alcohol (dangerous)

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About the Author

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William BergquistWilliam Bergquist, Ph.D. An international coach and consultant in the fields of psychology, management and public administration, author of more than 50 books, and president of a psychology institute. Dr. Bergquist consults on and writes about personal, group, organizational and societal transitions and transformations. His published work ranges from the personal transitions of men and women in their 50s and the struggles of men and women in recovering from strokes to the experiences of freedom among the men and women of Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union. In recent years, Bergquist has focused on the processes of organizational coaching. He is coauthor with Agnes Mura of coachbook, co-founder of the International Journal of Coaching in Organizations and co-founder of the International Consortium for Coaching in Organizations.

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